Our history is so rich. But here are 10 ancient civilizations which people and history have forgotten.
Believed to be the earliest urban settlers of the area, their existence can be traced to the 24th century. Most archaeologists believe that they were indigenous to the area preceding the more famous Hittite civilization, which arrived in the 23rd century B.C.
Dilmun encompassed an area consisting of present-day Bahrain, Kuwait, and parts of Saudi Arabia. Although very little concrete evidence has been found as of yet, scholars believe that a few sites, namely Saar.
In the Indus Valley Civilization, the Harappans were a group of people who lived in parts of present-day Pakistan and India. Gifted with the idea that planning cities in advance would be a good idea, their urban areas were second to none.
The Elamite civilization consisted mostly of land inside present-day Iran and a small portion of Iraq. One of the earliest civilizations, it was founded sometime in the third millennium B.C. and is by far the oldest in all of Iran.
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The land of Punt (pronounced “point”) was famous for producing incense, ebony, and gold. Scholars differ on where they believe the civilization was, ranging from South Africa up the coast to the Middle East.
Norte Chico Civilization
Beginning with its arrival during the third millennium B.C. and lasting for over 1,200 years, the Norte Chico civilization dominated South America.
Another civilization that influenced the Hittites was the Hurrian people, who lived during the second millennium B.C. Probably, they were around even earlier than that: Personal and place names written in the Hurrian language were found in Mesopotamian records dating back to the third millennium B.C.
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Named after the area in Nigeria in which artefacts of their culture were first discovered, the Nok civilization flourished during the first millennium BC. before fading into obscurity in the second century A.D.
While most people are familiar with the Aztecs and the Maya of Mesoamerica, the people known as the Zapotec remain relatively obscure.
Europe’s biggest prehistoric civilization, the Vinca, existed for nearly 1,500 years. Beginning in the 55th century B.C., they occupied land throughout Serbia.