India gained independence from British rule 75 years ago, in August 1947. This independence did not come into existence without these freedom fighters of India. Throughout British rule, it sparked a variety of movements and struggles, including the historic revolt. Many revolutionary freedom fighters took the lead in organizing the struggle that led to India’s independence, and their efforts were rewarded. This article will introduce you to the freedom fighters who contributed to and sacrificed their lives for India’s independence.
1. Mahatma Gandhi
On October 2, 1869, Mahatma Gandhi was born; his full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He is also known as the Father of the Nation for his enormous sacrifices for India. He not only led India to independence, but he also became an inspiration for many independence struggles and human rights movements around the world. Gandhi, also known as Bapu, popularised the doctrine of nonviolence in India.
According to him, independence was accomplished via a combination of nonviolent activity and refusal to cooperate with the British. Under his leadership, the historic Non-Cooperation movement, the Dandi March, and the Quit India campaign were all launched. On January 30, 1948, in New Delhi, he was assassinated. Without this heroic liberation warrior, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, or Mahatma Gandhi, India’s march to independence would not have been possible. He is one of India’s most prominent liberation fighters.
2. Dadabhai Naoroji
He was a Mathematics and Natural Philosophy professor who was born on September 4, 1825. He went to Elphinstone College in Bombay for his education. Later in life, he became involved in politics and became highly involved in the sector. His viewpoint was negative because he believed that British control would end, causing irreversible damage to the Indian economy. Dadabhai Naoroji had the honour of presiding over the yearly sessions of the Indian National Congress in the years 1886, 1893, and 1906.
This eventually culminated in the nationalist India movement. His most popular articles are the piece Poverty (1901). In this article, he argued that India was being taxed at a disproportionately high rate and that all of India’s riches were being diverted to England. He died on June 30, 1917, in Mumbai. He formed organisations such as the Indian National Congress and the Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe.
Also Read: Top 10 Most Powerful Women in History
3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
He was a top Indian freedom fighter; without his presence, India’s struggle for independence would have been incomplete; he possesses immense qualities and skill. He had been brave and valiant from a young age, earning the title ‘Sardar’ for his epic role in the Bardoli Satyagraha. He was once known as the “Iron Man of India” for his valiant efforts. Sardar Patel, a former attorney, retired from practice and began fighting for India’s independence against British authorities. Following independence, he was chosen as India’s Deputy Prime Minister and attempted to incorporate princely states into the Union of India.
On October 31, 1875, Vallabh Bhai Patel was born. He previously made an enormous contribution to the Indian liberation movement as one of the most important and strong-willed Indian freedom fighters as a top leader of the Indian National Congress. He was Gujarat’s most powerful leader, organising peasant movements against the British based on Gandhi’s nonviolent beliefs. His efforts culminated in the union of around 562 princely kingdoms. Following independence, he served as India’s first home minister and deputy prime minister. He died in Mumbai on December 15, 1950.
4. Ram Prasad Bismil
Ram Prasad Bismil was a renowned Indian revolutionary who resisted British colonialism and allowed the people to breathe the air of independence after aeons of the fight against imperial powers, with a longing for liberation and revolutionary spirit echoing in every inch of his body and poetry.
Bismil, born in 1897, was a well-respected member of the Hindustan Republican Association, with Sukhdev. He also took part in the historic Kakori railway robbery, for which the British government sentenced him to death on December 19, 1927, at Gorakhpur Jail, Gorakhpur. Execution by hanging was the cause of death.
5. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar is another important name on the list of India’s top ten liberation fighters. He is a well-known liberation warrior. Tilak was a magnificent Indian freedom warrior who was born in 1856. In a furious protest against the British, he set fire to the earth with the message, “Swaraj is my birthright.” He was best recognized as one of numerous Lal, Bal, and Pal trios. To oppose the English, Tilak established schools and published dissident periodicals.
People referred to him as Lokmanya Tilak because they regarded him as one of the most outstanding leaders of all time. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a significant figure, social reformer, and freedom fighter. He was a fervent admirer and died on August 1, 1920. He made his observations in either Marathi or Hindi.
Also read: Top 10 Most Hated People in the World 2022
6. Rani Laxmi Bai
Jhansi Rani is missing from the list of India’s top ten liberation warriors ( Rani Laxmi Bai ) She was one of the most prominent female freedom fighters in India, whose contributions will never be forgotten or disregarded. Rani Lakshmi Bai, the Queen of Jhansi, was born in 1828. In 1857, she was a key player in India’s independence campaign. Despite her gender, she embodied bravery and a daring attitude, inspiring a large number of women to join the battle for independence.
She courageously defended her Jhansi palace from an attack by a British force led by Sir Hugh Rose in 1858. Laxmibai, Rani This woman is also considered a freedom warrior in India. She became an icon of independence in India when she reacted against Britain’s desire to subjugate her nation in the 1850s.
7. Bhagat Singh
During India’s independence movement, Bhagat Singh was a freedom fighter and socialist revolutionary. Bhagat Singh, who was born in 1907, was among the revolutionaries who were severe independence warriors. When it comes to India’s liberation movement, he was a mostly divisive but respected figure.
This revolutionary hero was born into a Sikh family during the undivided state of Punjab and retained his family’s history as well as his patriotism till his death. Born on September 28, 1907, in Banga, Pakistan, and died on March 23, 1931, at Lahore’s Central Jail. Shaheed Bhagat Singh is a well-known name.
8. Subhash Chandra Bose
The list of India’s top ten freedom warriors who poured blood and sweat to achieve independence for our country is extensive. Subhas Chandra Bose, popularly known as Netaji, was born in Orissa in 1897 and is another name on the list of India’s top 10 independence fighters. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1921 may have upset him and pushed him to travel to India from England.
He was a part of the Indian National Congress as well as the Civil Rights Movement. He sought aid from Germany after becoming disenchanted with Gandhi Ji’s peaceful ways of freedom. Bose was a renowned Indian freedom fighter who was merely involved in the anti-British independence war in India. He was a revolutionary freedom fighter who founded the Azad Hind Army, which is today known as the Indian National Army. Bose has been imprisoned several times for his revolutionary actions.
9. Mangal Pandey
Mangal Pandey is the next name on the list of India’s top ten liberation fighters. He was born in 1827 and was an early supporter of freedom. He was one of the rebels who initially pushed young Indian troops to join the 1857 insurrection. They launched the first attack against English authority while serving as soldiers for the British East India Company, sparking off the Indian uprising in 1857.
In 1857, he was a well-known person. He may be well-known in India as one of the country’s first freedom fighters. The insurrection resulted in the dissolution of the British East India Company as well as the establishment of British direct administration. This marked the beginning of a time in which Indians strengthened their Nationalism for independence.
Also read: Top 10 Beautiful Hollywood Actresses
10. Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru is the final name on the list of India’s best liberation warriors. He was the only child of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani and was born in 1889. Nehru began his legal practice. Mahatma Gandhi’s efforts to liberate India from British domination influenced his desire for Indian independence. He began the liberation campaign, was elected president of the Indian National Congress and was eventually appointed India’s first Prime Minister on Independence Day.
Because he enjoyed children, Nehru was given the moniker Chacha Nehru, and his birthday is honoured as Children’s Day. He was also the country’s first prime minister after independence. Nehru, a Gandhi supporter, advocated for a secular country. He also defended indentured labour and the discriminatory policies of British authority. With his great leadership, he took Indians to the final objective. He died on May 27, 1964, at the age of 74, as a result of a heart attack.
It is a blessing for all of us that we are seeing this historic period of independent India in which India is reaching new heights of growth. Today’s India has its name inscribed in the line in front of the entire globe. We commemorate 75 years of independence as Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav on this day.