The science and technology sector has grown so much since Independence. It has been one of the fastest-growing sectors of India. All the credit for this growth goes to the scientists and geniuses.
Science and technology have been playing a crucial role in everybody’s life. India has given the world some of the best scientists and geniuses. These scientists with their innovation and creation have made our country proud.
APJ Abdul Kalam
Mr Kalam is one of the most honoured scientists on the list of the Top 10 Latest Indian scientists. Kalam began his career as a small helicopter designer for the Indian Army. In the INCOSPAR committee, he worked under space scientist Vikram Sarabhai. Later, as a project director for ISRO, he was instrumental in the successful launch of India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle (SLV-III). In 1980, the Rohini satellite was successfully launched by SLV-III near Earth’s orbit.
While serving as India’s 11th President, Mr Kalam pushed for plans to transform the country into a developed nation by 2023. Among other essential honours, he has earned the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour.
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D. Sivananda Pai
Mr Pai, also known as the Rain Man of India, acquired the capacity to predict showers as a kid by just gazing at the sky. Mr Pai is one of the country’s top scientists, with a post-graduate in Physics from Maharaja’s College, Kochi, an MTech in Applied Optics from IIT Delhi, and a PhD in monsoon studies from the University of Pune. He continues to help forecast rainfall, although with the aid of science. He is the chief of the India Metrological Department’s (IIMD) Long-Range Forecasting (LRF) section in Pune. He is credited with developing a new rain forecasting method based on a statistical approach. This is the world’s first system of its type. “Monsoon predictions are critical in our nation because agricultural cycles rely on rain,” Pai adds.
The Ministry of Earth Sciences awarded Pai the Certificate of Merit for Young Scientists/ Engineers in Atmospheric Sciences in 2010.
Upinder S. Bhalla
Upinder S. Bhalla was born to two economics professors and received his further education in technology from the world’s top three institutions, IIT Kanpur, Cambridge University, and Caltech. But, since he was fascinated by biology, he decided to pursue a profession in this area to learn more about how the brain works. Upinder S. Bhalla has always been fascinated by the human brain, which is one of the most complicated things in the world.
“In a very fundamental sense, the study of how the brain functions are the study of what makes us human,” Bhalla believes. He is now a professor at Bangalore’s National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS). In his study, Bhalla is trying to create standards and models at the intersection of biochemical signalling and neuronal electrical activity, tissue modelling, and mechanical simulations.
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Partha Pratim Majumdar
Partha Pratim Majumder has a master’s degree in statistics and a doctorate in statistics from the Indian Statistical Institute in Kolkata. He completed his postdoctoral study at the University of Texas Health Science Centre in Houston’s Center for Demographic andwapan Kumar Datta Population Genetics.
Prof. Majumdar is regarded as one of the earliest human geneticists, and he has made significant contributions to human genetics and evolution. His cutting-edge paradigms and statistical techniques are aimed at resolving biological issues such as the patterns of inheritance of complex human characteristics and the mapping of genes that underpin them. Prof. Majumdar’s research has aided in the mapping of disease genes in India.
Partha Majumder won the Ranbaxy Research Award in 2000, the New Millennium Science Medal in 2000, the Shri Om Prakash Bhasin Award in 2001, and the GD Birla Award for Scientific Research in 2002. (2002).
Ms Barwale Zehr earned her bachelor’s degree in science from Wilson College, University of Bombay, in 1981. She went on to get her M.S. and PhD in agronomy from the University of Illinois in 1985. She has been the full-time Director of Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Co. Ltd. in Jalna, India, since 2000. Ms Barwale’s goal is to make good use of current breakthroughs in plant biotechnology to boost agricultural production sustainably. Her options include using molecular tools to improve breeding activity, using genomics to get a better knowledge of crops, and deploying new technologies to improve the nutritional content of food grains, to name a few.
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Vishwanath Mohan’s life aim is to defeat diabetes. He is the president of the Madras Diabetic Research Foundation (MDRF) and chairman of Dr Mohan’s Diabetes Specialities Centre. He created the Indian Diabetic Research Score, a basic diabetes diagnosis tool. This test determines whether or not a person is diabetic. “Understanding the nutritional profile of the population is critical for identifying diet-related risk factors for chronic illnesses like diabetes and developing preventative strategies,” adds Mohan. He claims that if proper precautions are taken, up to 35 million of these instances may be avoided.
In Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand, and Chandigarh, the diagnostic exam known as the Indian Diabetic Research Score has already been completed. This research will aid in the collection of accurate national diabetes statistics.
Ashoke Sen received his Bachelor of Science degree from the Presidency College of the University of Calcutta in 1975 and his master’s degree from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He earned his PhD in physics from Stony Brook University. He has made groundbreaking contributions to string theory, including his seminal work on strong-weak coupling duality, or S-duality, which influenced the field’s development trajectory. He was elected to the Royal Society in 1998 after being recommended by theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking.
Dr Ganesh has a doctorate from the Hindu University of Banaras. He is now a professor at IIT Kanpur, working to discover and characterize molecular actors in neurodegenerative processes. Neurodegenerative diseases are a set of central nervous system dysfunctions marked by the gradual loss of neural tissues, which causes movement irregularities, intellectual and cognitive decline, and, in some instances, early death. He does this by conducting genetic screenings in afflicted families and verifying and confirming the concept using cellular/animal models.
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Swapan Kumar Datta
Swapan Kumar Datta started his rice research career in 1976. Datta is well-known for his significant work in rice genetic modification, which has resulted in its being disease-resistant and capable of providing superior nutrition. His pioneering work in the area of isolated microspore embryogenesis in wheat earned him worldwide acclaim. He is an active participant in international collaborative research on the use of genomics and gene technologies to improve crops.
The University of Delhi awarded Paramjit Khurana B.Sc., M.Sc., M.Phil., and PhD degrees in Botany. Paramjit has pioneered work in the fields of “Wheat and Seribiotechnology,” as well as “Comparative Genomics.” Her group has successfully genetically transformed Indian wheat for resistance to the cereal cyst nematode and abiotic stress tolerance during the last decade. Transgenic mulberry plants that can resist salt and drought stress have also been produced.
Professor Paramjit Khurana was elected to the Indian Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences of India as a Fellow in 2010. (2003). On International Women’s Day, the Gantavaya Sansthan presented her with a “Certificate of Honour” (2011).
In India, the list of scientists is infinite. Each of them is working on something that will make the world a better place to live. With its abundance of brilliant minds, India is unquestionably on its way to becoming a force to be reckoned with.
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