What are the Top 10 Oldest Buildings in the World? Any human-made structure used or designed to sustain or shelter any use or continuous occupancy is referred to as a building. This article aims to provide a list of the top ten oldest structures. The world’s remaining freestanding structures are masterpieces of the skill and handwork of that era’s people. Today, we are astounded to witness these miracles that were created in such distant times without the use of modern technology and machines. structures still standing.
These are the World’s Ten Oldest Buildings.
10. Treasury of Atreus, Greece
This tomb was built in 1250 BC, almost 3,250 years ago, during the Bronze Age. It was the highest and broadest dome in the world until the Pantheon was completed. The site, with its massive form and magnificence, is one of the most outstanding Mycenaean Greek structures still standing.
9. Minoan Palace of Knossos, Greece
The palace of Knossos served as the Minoan civilization’s and culture’s ceremonial and political centre. Around 2000 BC, the palace was excavated and partly reconstructed under the leadership of Arthur Evans. Its vastness significantly surpassed his initial expectations, as did the finding of two ancient scripts, which he labelled Linear A and Linear B to differentiate their writing from the pictographs also present.
The palace was abandoned at an unspecified point around the end of the Late Bronze Age, about 1380–1100 BC. The exact cause is unknown, however, one of the numerous calamities that befell the palace is often cited. The leaving population was most likely Mycenaean Greeks, who had previously inhabited the city-state and were using Linear B as its administrative script, as opposed to Linear A, which had been used before.
8. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
The Pyramid of Khufu, also known as the Pyramid of the Sun, is the oldest and biggest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis, which borders what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one that has survived in its entirety. Egyptologists think the pyramid was constructed as a tomb for fourth-dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu during a 10- to 20-year period that ended about 2560 BCE. For nearly 3,800 years, the Great Pyramid stood at 146.5 metres (481 feet) and was the highest man-made monument in the world.
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7. Pyramid of Djoser, Egypt
Located in Egypt’s Saqqara necropolis. Imhotep, Pharaoh Djoser’s vizier, erected the Pyramid of Djoser in the 27th century BC for the tomb of Pharaoh Djoser. The first Egyptian pyramid was made up of six mastabas stacked on top of one another. The pyramid was originally 62 meters tall, with a 109 m 125 m base. It was finished in gleaming white limestone. The step pyramid is said to be the first large-scale cut-stone structure. The earliest known stone pyramid building goes back to 3000 BC, or around 4,700 years.
6. Tarxien Temples, Malta
Tarxien Temples is an archaeological site located in Tarxien, Malta. They date back to about 3150 BC. In 1980, the property was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Tarxien is made up of three different but connected temple constructions. The main gateway was rebuilt in 1956 when the whole property was restored. Simultaneously, several of the painted slabs uncovered on-site were transported inside for safekeeping to Valletta’s Museum of Archaeology. The earliest temple, which was built in 3150 BC, is the most ornately ornamented of Malta’s temples.
5. Newgrange, Ireland
A prehistoric monument and one of Ireland’s oldest structures. It was constructed circa 3200 BC, or up to 5,100 years ago, during the Neolithic era. Newgrange was built before the Egyptian pyramids and Stonehenge.
A massive circular mound with an interior stone corridor and rooms makes up the structure. Human bones, maybe burial or votive gifts, were discovered in these rooms. The site is said to have religious importance, however, there is no consensus on what the place was used for. It is now a major tourist destination. The prehistorian viewed the location as Ireland’s major national monument. It was also recognized as one of Europe’s most significant megalithic buildings.
4. La Hougue Bie, Jersey
La Hougue Bie is a historic landmark in the Parish of Grouville, Jersey, including a museum. Around 3500 BC, this place was in use. The site consists of a tunnel chamber 18.6 meters long and a 12.2-meter-high earth mound. The Société Jersiaise explored the site for the first time in 1925. It is one of the biggest and best-maintained passage tombs in Western Europe, as well as the most spectacular and well-preserved monument of the Armorican Passage Grave group. During WWII, it served as a major observation point, and an underground command bunker was constructed in the mound and neighbouring areas.
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3. Knap of Howar, Scotland
This is Europe’s oldest stone home. It used to be part of a Neolithic farmstead. It was standing from 3700 BC to 3100 BC, or up to 5,500 years ago, according to radiocarbon dating. Historic Scotland is now in charge of this site. It ranks third among the world’s oldest structures.
2. Megalithic Temples of Malta
These Temples on the island of Malta are said to be the world’s oldest free-standing constructions. The constructions were built throughout three consecutive historical periods, roughly between 3600 BC and 700 BC, a total of nearly 5,500 years ago. The Megalithic Temples of Malta were utilized as religious temples and are the world’s earliest of their sort.
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1. Tumulus of Bougon, France
The Tumulus of Bougon, also known as the Necropolis of Bougon, is a collection of five Neolithic barrows (Tumulus A, B, C, D, E, F) in Bougon, France. Their discovery in 1840 piqued the scientific community’s curiosity. To conserve the antiquities, the department of Deux-Sèvres purchased the land in 1873. In the late 1960s, excavations were restarted. This ancient monument’s earliest constructions date back to 4800 BC.