What are the Top 10 Oldest Buildings in the World? Any human-made structure used or intended for sustaining or sheltering any purpose or continuous occupancy is referred to as a building. This article tries to provide a list of the top ten oldest structures. The world’s remaining freestanding structures are masterpieces of the people’s ability and handiwork from that period. Today, we are astounded to witness these marvels that were built in such distant eras without the use of modern technology or machines.
These are the world’s 10 oldest structures.
10. Treasury of Atreus, Greece
This tomb was built about 1250 BC, almost 3,250 years ago, during the Bronze Age. It was the world’s highest and broadest dome until the Pantheon was completed. The site, with its colossal form and magnificence, is one of Mycenaean Greece’s most magnificent structures.
9. Minoan Palace of Knossos, Greece
The palace of Knossos served as the Minoan civilization’s ceremonial and governmental center.
Around 2000 BC, the palace was excavated and partly rebuilt under the supervision of Arthur Evans. Its vastness, as well as the finding of two ancient scripts he named Linear A and Linear B to differentiate their writing from the pictographs still present, greatly surpassed his expectations. At some point between 1380 and 1100 BC, the palace was abandoned for unexplained reasons. The exact date is unknown, although it is assumed to be one of the numerous catastrophes that befell the palace. The departing population was most likely Mycenaean Greeks who had previously inhabited the city-state and were employing Linear B as its administrative script, rather than Linear A, which had previously been used.
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8. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
The Pyramid of Khufu, also known as the Khufu Pyramid, is the oldest and biggest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis, which is located in what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, as well as the only one that has been preserved in its entirety. Egyptologists think the pyramid was constructed as a tomb for Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu of the fourth dynasty during a 10- to the 20-year period, ending about 2560 BCE. For nearly 3,800 years, the Great Pyramid was the world’s largest man-made building, standing at 146.5 meters (481 ft).
7. Pyramid of Djoser, Egypt
The necropolis of Saqqara is located in Egypt. Imhotep, Pharaoh Djoser’s vizier, constructed the Pyramid of Djoser in the 27th century BC for the tomb of Pharaoh Djoser. The first Egyptian pyramid was made up of six mastabas stacked on top of each other. The pyramid was originally 62 meters tall, with a base measuring 109 meters by 125 meters. It was covered in white limestone that had been polished. The step pyramid is said to be the first large-scale cut stone structure ever built. The first known stone pyramid construction goes back to 3000 BC, or about 4,700 years ago.
6. Tarxien Temples, Malta
The Tarxien Temples are a Maltese archaeological site in Tarxien. They have created about 3150 BC. In 1980, the property was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Tarxien is made up of three distinct temple buildings that are connected. The main entrance is a 1956 restoration when the whole complex was renovated. At the same time, several of the decorated slabs found on site were moved to the Museum of Archaeology in Valletta for preservation. The earliest temple, which dates back to about 3150 BC, is the most ornately adorned of Malta’s temples.
5. Newgrange, Ireland
The oldest structures in Ireland and a prehistoric monument. It was constructed about 3200 BC, or up to 5,100 years ago, during the Neolithic era. Newgrange is older than Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids.
A huge circular mound with an interior stone tunnel and rooms makes up the structure. Human bones, perhaps burial or votive gifts, were discovered in these rooms. The site is said to have religious importance, although there is no consensus on what the place was used for. It is now a famous tourist destination. The prehistorians considered the place as Ireland’s major national monument. It was also regarded as one of Europe’s most significant megalithic constructions.
4. La Hougue Bie, Jersey
In the Parish of Grouville, Jersey, La Hougue Bie is a historic landmark with a museum. Around 3500 BC, this location was in use. The site consists of a passage chamber that is 18.6 meters long and is surrounded by a 12.2-meter high earth mound. The Société Jersiaise was the first to dig the site in 1925. It is one of the biggest and best-maintained passage tombs in Western Europe, as well as the most magnificent and well-preserved monument of the Armorican Passage Grave group. It was utilized as a vital observation point during WWII, and an underground command bunker was constructed in the mound and surrounding areas.
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3. Knap of Howar, Scotland
This is Europe’s oldest stone home. Originally, it was part of a Neolithic farmstead. It was standing from 3700 BC to 3100 BC, or up to 5,500 years ago, according to radiocarbon dating. Historic Scotland is now in charge of this site. It is the third-oldest structure on the planet.
2. Megalithic Temples of Malta
These temples on the island of Malta are said to be the world’s oldest free-standing buildings. The buildings were built over a period of around 5,500 years, roughly between 3600 BC and 700 BC. Malta’s Megalithic Temples were utilized as religious temples and are the world’s oldest of their type.
1. Tumulus of Bougon, France
The Tumulus of Bougon, also known as the Bougon Necropolis, is a collection of five Neolithic barrows (Tumulus A, B, C, D, E, F) near Bougon, France. Their finding in 1840 piqued scientific curiosity. The property was purchased by the department of Deux-Sèvres in 1873 to preserve the monuments. In the late 1960s, excavations were restarted. This ancient monument’s earliest buildings date back to 4800 BC.
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